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Jaw surgery (orthognathic surgery)

 
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BEFORE orthognathic jaw surgery
AFTER orthognathic jaw
surgery
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after
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bart van de ven facial feminization surgery  
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Short introduction orthognathic jaw surgery

> Some more background on jaw surgery

     
Before orthognathic jaw surgery
 
After orthognathic jaw surgery
Before orthognathic jaw surgery
 
After orthognathic jaw surgery

 

Orthognathic jaw surgery and facial harmony

Dividing the face in thirds. When each of the thirds is equal, the face is said to be vertically balanced and of ‘ideal’ proportions.

 

Ideal facial convexity   Lack of facial convexity   Excess facial convexity
   
     
Before orthognathic jaw surgery
 
After orthognathic jaw surgery
Before orthognathic jaw surgery
 
After orthognathic jaw surgery

Some examples orthognatic jaw surgery

1. Open bite (Apertognathia)

Before rotation of the upper jaw by orthognathic jaw surgery.   After rotation of the upper jaw by ortognathic jaw surgery.
 
     
 

2. Protruding lower jaw (Prognathia)

Before orthognathic jaw surgery of the lower jaw.   After orthognathic jaw surgery of the lower jaw.
 
     
Before correction of the protruding lower jaw by orthognathic jaw surgery.
 
After correction of the protruding lower jaw by orthognathic jaw surgery.
 

3. Receding lower jaw (Retrognatia)

Before orthognathic jaw surgery of a receding lower jaw.   After orthognathic jaw surgery of a receding lower jaw.
 
     
Before jaw surgery of receding jaw
 
After jaw surgery of receding jaw
 

4. Gummy smile (Vertical Maxillary Excess)

Before shortening of the upper jaw by jaw surgery.   After shortening of the upper jaw by jaw surgery.
 
     
 

 

5. Too small upper jaw

> More information on distraction osteogenesis

 

Before widening of the upper jaw.   After widening of the upper jaw.
 
     
 

 

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